Why did our ancestors survive but the Neanderthals did not?


Perhaps, as a result of new archaeological excavations, historical books will have to be rewritten. In Mandern Cave in France, archaeologists have discovered a child's tooth and tools that belonged to Homo sapiens. It seems to be nothing surprising, only this tooth was found in a layer that is dated 54 thousand years ago. It is believed that during this period only Neanderthals were in Europe, and Homo sapiens came after 12 thousand years.

This suggests that the two species lived together for thousands of years, and the struggle for survival between them went on for a long period. When, according to the official version, our ancestors quickly replaced the Neanderthals.

On the one hand, what does it matter what happened thousands of years ago? But on the other hand, it is an integral part of human history. After all, if Neanderthals had supplanted our ancestors, history would have been completely different. So why exactly did Homo sapiens end up at the top of the historical ladder?

After all, Neanderthals were physically superior to Cro-Magnons, their muscle mass was 40% more, and their skeleton was heavier. Their strong physique allowed them to spend much less energy, they were more hardy to the subarctic climate. According to the structure of the vocal apparatus, it was concluded that they had speech. Neanderthals were capable of learning, they created all the necessary tools, they could make fire.

Basically, they were more practical than the first sapiens; everything they created was intended to be used for survival. Roughly speaking, they did not waste energy on making jewelry, painting the walls of caves. Thus, the art of the Neanderthals was practically absent.

But the ancestors of modern people were different. They had more children, their groups were more numerous. Naturally, they were more socially organized, and better connected with each other. This was the need, thanks to which the survival of the tribe in harsh conditions was possible. The struggle for resources forced them to closer interaction, they learned, invented new tools. They developed art, rock paintings, musical instruments. Despite the fact that the representatives of Homo sapiens were physically inferior to the Neanderthals, they forced them out. With a part, of course, they assimilated, but how this happened is currently unknown. In fact, Neanderthal DNA is present in almost every European.

There are several hypotheses why the Neanderthals became extinct. According to one of them, because of the decline in the birth rate. On the other - because of the wrong social organization. These findings are shared by Professor Chris Stringer, who took part in the study and is a specialist in human origins at the Natural History Museum in London.

“We argue that Neanderthals had a smaller cognitive part of the brain, and this severely limited them, including with regard to the ability to form groups. If you are part of a larger community, you need a larger brain to process information related to additional social relationships,” explains Professor Stringer.

Homo sapiens were more organized than Neanderthals: they were better at making connections , their social groups were larger, they were able to retain knowledge, skills and abilities, they could use and improve them in the future.

And this means that the ability to unite , develop, learn, take care of each other has played an important role in the development of mankind.


  1. Excellent article! It is very interesting to read, easy, accessible to everyone who reads the presentation of the topic and, accordingly, the conclusions. A clear message! Thank you!

  2. Great article, obviously the levels of communication between people are getting more complex. Therefore, today it is important for us to reach a new round of unity in order to survive. And each person is important, each has its own role in the general field of connections.

    Thanks a lot to the author.

  3. Yes, the carpet is connected from above and we are obliged to decipher its connections. But this requires friendly and long-term communication.

Add a comment

This site uses Akismet to fight spam. Find out how your comment data is processed .