Mankind has always strived for happiness and wanted to build a just society. The Newest Dictionary of Philosophy, in defining communism, regards it as a mistake of humanity. It also says that Marx did not foresee that it was not the most advanced capitalist countries that would try to realize the communist utopia, but rather the economically backward ones.
The most ancient societies on Earth, in which everything was common, could be called communist. Small selfishness forced people to act together, think together, and make decisions together. But if there are no natural external prerequisites for such a relationship, it is impossible to build a commune.
In our time, humanity is beginning to reveal itself as a common commune: whether we like it or not, we all depend on one another. Every person does not develop by himself – nature develops us. We don’t even know what will happen tomorrow. Some forces are released in us, and we act subconsciously, obeying the instincts coming from within. The question arises: does nature wish to lead us to a balloon-like enclosed state in which we are all dependent on one another and become a willy-nilly commune?
Imagine how awful it is to be in such a commune with our bloated selfishness! After all, when we willy-nilly move toward a closed society in which all people on Earth feel like one family, but one in which it is impossible to coexist peacefully, then we naturally try to sever all ties among ourselves.
It is precisely these conditions that are the prerequisite for wars, conflicts, and terror. Humanity does whatever it takes to subconsciously avoid the connection that its selfishness cannot bear.
So what do we do when we see that nature leads us to it anyway? We divorce, estrange ourselves from each other, and consume drugs and antidepressants simply because we instinctively don’t want to be properly interconnected with each other.
Every nation has its own faith. Suddenly, at the beginning of the twenty-first century, there is a surge of religious faith. We see the critical ways in which the Arab countries are developing. Everything there is based on keeping people in their circle, not allowing them to enter another environment. Immigrants do not dissolve into the culture of their host states – each remains within his or her own sector.
Humanity unknowingly acts in defiance of a forced universal rapprochement. But there is no way out, we will still come closer together, because nature drives us into a state of complete dependence on each other. This is the law of development, which is impossible to resist – it is above us.
Reasons for the Failure of Communism in the USSR
In its time, the USSR attempted to build a communist society, a society of equal opportunity. Why has it taught mankind nothing? Why was it so tragic?
It is difficult to call what the Soviet Union wanted to build communism. It was a dictatorship. The Russian Empire was a feudal society with a predominantly illiterate population. The peasants were chained to their land. But Marx pointed out that before we can build communism, we must undergo a certain social development. After all, a communist society is first and foremost a conscious society in which everyone is connected in one family, over their selfishness, and everyone feels part of the others. It requires one to fully understand one’s nature and the purpose to which we must go.
The modern man is not interested in integral relationships, he is absolutely against connection with others, he has a family, work, entertainment, and everything else lies outside the field of his attention.
It is difficult to understand that by the law of nature we must come to the state of one family and even more, because the family is, after all, the material connection of people to each other. And here we are talking about our inner connection, not on the physical level, but on the level of this inner unity, where everyone feels “we,” but not “I. We are as one.
In other words, it requires such an internal transformation of a person and his view of the world, which cannot be realized in the short term either by force or persuasion – a long process of education is required.
We know that it takes at least 25 years to raise a child properly: from birth to going out into the world. What kind of education was it possible to talk about in Russia, when the so-called communism was imposed by violent methods, through the revolution, in the internal civil struggle between different segments of the population. As a result, it all came out in terror, in terrible power. So there was no socialism or communism there.
Undoubtedly, people were willing to sacrifice themselves. They did not think of themselves, their ideal was the revolution, which then began to devour their favorites – and it is a natural process. Ideals move our egoistic world forward, but behind them comes another wave, the pragmatic wave, which begins to subvert these ideals and work according to the usual egoistic laws.
Communism: Utopia or Reality?
Sooner or later mankind must come to a happy society. But this can be achieved either by suffering or by awareness. The way of awareness is to explore our final state, giving us the opportunity to prepare for it in advance, i.e. find how to become like him. And then we won’t have the need for a “stick” to drive us to happiness.
How do you do that? The ultimate state of all nature is to bring itself to absolute harmony and equilibrium, so man must take the same place in it to become, like nature, a fully balanced system.
But so far we are still going down the road of suffering and feeling it for ourselves. What’s stopping us?
There are two opposing forces in nature that strive for equilibrium. Against every positive or negative event there is another, opposite side to it: plus or minus, north or south, etc. The laws of their combination are formulas that we study in physics (in non-living matter), in botany (in plant matter), or in zoology (in animal matter).
And the human essence is incomprehensible to us. This is where our knowledge and our capabilities are lacking, because when we study the nature of the previous stages of development (non-living, plant, animal) – we study it from the top down, from a higher level. And if we are on the same stage that we are supposed to be studying, we cannot say anything about ourselves because we introduce inaccuracy by our attitude toward what we are studying.
To know our own nature, we have to go higher, and we are not given that. We study a little bit of psychology, but it cannot be called a science because. science is the study of nature on all levels from top to bottom. Therefore, the human level is inaccessible to us, we know nothing about ourselves.
According to the integral methodology, the way in which you can realize yourself, rise to the next level, explore yourself from there, and begin to behave properly in our world is self-education. That is, we ourselves must raise ourselves to a new sensual, spiritual level of such interconnectedness and fellowship, which is set by the simple condition “love your neighbor as yourself.
This phrase speaks to the law of the existence of all humanity as one unified whole. When one begins to approach this state, it will become clear that this is the true communism that people once dreamed of.
The time has come.
Man has everything to satisfy his ego: family, children, wife, a piece of land. At the same time, selfishness is constantly growing: there are a couple of cows – there will be another one, there are a dozen sheep – there will be another dozen, etc. But when a person reaches the peak of egoistic development, he begins to realize that this development is a dead end, it leads him nowhere. He feels that it is not he who uses the ego for his own pleasure, but it directs him. In other words, one feels selfishness as an extraneous force.
This feeling emerged back in the 1960s in the “hippie” youth movement. The young people went to India, started organizing communes and using drugs. That’s where it all started. It was already a new impulse of man, a new selfishness, saying that it is not worth investing anything in this world, it is finite. Think about something else. What else? So the hippies were left in the void.
One accumulates feelings, leading to the understanding that one cannot go on like this. Each of us sees on television what is happening on the other side of the world. Everyone becomes a person of peace. We begin to feel like one big enclosed environment, completely dependent on each other.
Imagine if an accident happened at a nuclear power plant, or a nuclear submarine exploded somewhere, or a virus spread, it would be bad for everyone. All it takes is one such incident and everything will start dying out. Today we are so dependent on each other that we become bound together willy-nilly, as in one family.
How do you make a person understand their dependence on everyone and be able to rise to the level of one family? After all, war will not solve anything here!
The world has created a situation like a family in which the spouses have not loved each other for many years, consider each other different, and, because of their selfishness, are unwilling to indulge, provide for, and serve each other. In the end, they get a divorce. And so 50-60% of humanity. But they can’t get a divorce! Give us another planet so that all the dissatisfied will move there. Impossible! So the only thing left to do is to re-educate the person.
It is the integral relationship that will allow us to ascend to a higher level, where it is clear that we have to re-educate the person, how to do it, what we have to arrive at. It clearly indicates which path you can take to reach your goal by working on yourself in the right way.
People must understand the need to develop toward interconnectedness, toward an increase in man’s sense of his environment, toward a semblance of a common integral nature. Even if this system is invisible to man, but with the help of special training called “round tables” or “circles,” he will be able to feel that there is a manifestation of a new positive force at the inanimate, plant and animal level.
In nature, plus and minus are balanced, so all its objects act instinctively in accordance with the influence of nature. And there is only one negative force in man. Therefore, he must bring out the positive force of nature, balance the negative force with it, and walk forward along the middle line in balance and harmony. Then we will be called “human. And right now we are on an animal level.
Society of the Future
This is a society in which one does not live to make money. He is brought up in such a way that he has no need to take more from society than he needs to exist. He does not take care of himself because his environment takes care of him.
His job, first and foremost, is to want to be properly related to everyone else and to produce exactly the goods that society needs in order to provide for the immediate needs of man. All of this is solved together with education, which goes hand in hand with the transformation of society-not before and not after.
But most importantly, one arrives at a state of interconnectedness with others where one does not feel any difference between oneself and others. He is so connected to them that for him “I” and “we” completely merge. The selfishness that divides us disappears, and everyone begins to feel everyone as themselves.
What happens on the inanimate, plant, animal level and in all the people of our world one begins to feel as his personal body. It gives him a sense of infinity, boundlessness, indivisibility of existence.
Thanks to this development of our sensors, we begin to experience the world not as divided into sectors, but as a whole, infinite in time, space and movement. This is the higher world in which Man exists. In the meantime, each of us cannot be called that, for we are simply a highly organized, uncorrected animal.
So we must have a permanent, comprehensive, worldwide system of education.
The task of man is to draw a positive force into our negative world, so that on the basis of both we can begin to rise and experience a completely different universe, a different world. This is the kind of just and happy society we will come to sooner or later.
- Lightman M. IAC Archive. URL: https://kabbalahmedia.info/ru/.
2. Marx K. Capital. A Critique of Political Economy. // Marx K., Engels F. Works. Т. 23, Moscow. 1960.
This material is part of the Integral Psychology course being developed at the Integral World Research Institute (IWRI). Sci. course editor: prof. Eliab. General Course Editor: T. Asher. Selected material: V. Shaposhnikova, I. Shevchenko, R. Kabat, O. Petrashova. Course Secretary: V. Shaposhnikova. Lit-editor: A. Aleksandrova.